Life, World

What is it about politicians?

Why do politicians make false promises and how do they talk so effortlessly? What is it about them?
It’s like a fountain of professional words that have long since faded out of meaning. They are empty words that look good on paper.

Is this something learnt by the minds that wish to achieve? Or were those people born with the innate ability to talk nonsense in a condescending manner? Or is it a classic combination of both?

I tried to tackle this question from a personal point of view. Before I start explaining, I think it’s important to let you know that I am a lawyer’s daughter. Yes, I grew up with large, daunting, patronising words.
Or maybe it’s just a feature of my personality, that to me words were easy and bereft of meaning. My brother can’t speak like me.

I am in a leadership position at school and always have been whenever I have the opportunity. I do newspaper interviews. Not because I have the best ideas, but because I put them best into words.

Those ideas are not mine. I present them. I represent the people who made them. Sometimes, after a well made speech, that I know in my heart holds no meaning, I feel sick to my stomach. Words sometimes nauseate me, because I over use them.

For some of us, it’s easy. It’s easy to speak with confidence like we chewed up a thesaurus and researched the topic, when in reality we have absolutely no idea what we are saying.

Sometimes we enjoy it. Debating is like a game of chess, manoeuvring and manipulating. Sometimes we disgust ourselves, for it’s clear the audience are having a visible reaction to our words, whilst we feel empty, like a machine that speaks in binary.

Tolstoy once said, (not in these exact words), that all ideas that stand strong are developed with a degree of self interest. This was in Anna Karenina, and he was referring to the theory of communism.
However, his words apply to the modern day world.
All good things and all ideologies that benefit the society are presented by those with ambition.
They speak, but they do not hear themselves.

This, I think, is the secret of politicians. They are not bound by their words. Their words have lost their meaning a long while ago. But those words do have meaning for the general public, and they cannot comprehend how effortless it is for the ambitious to break promises.
Every time you hear a man speak, remember to respect the idea he presents more than you respect him, for as good as he is as a speaker, he might be as clueless about the idea as you are of it.

Written by justateenagegirl

✌️If you guys have have anything to say about this topic, I would LOVE to hear it!✌️


7 Tips to win an argument!!!


1) Draw your boundaries – when you are defending something, always be clear on how far along the spectrum you are willing to defend. Draw a parameter, decide on how much you are comfortable with defending. For example- the argument could be that cigarettes should be banned.
You could choose to say that “cigarettes should be banned for less than 18 year olds and people with severe health conditions”. By that statement, you only defend a certain category, and not the whole population, and therefore, your argument becomes easier.

2) Structure your argument – the simplest yet effective structure is the 2 premise model. Your justifications will be arranged in a logical manner that adds strength to your case.
For example:
Premise 1 – examinations cause stress
Premise 2- stress causes students to perform poorly
Conclusion – therefore exams are harmful and not effective.
If displayed in such manner, it is hard to come up with something to break an extremely logical reasoning.

3) Define a principle – be clear in what exactly your contention is. If you only have a vague idea, it is easy for your opponent to find loopholes in your argument. If someway through your case, you deviate from your principle, that’s ok as well. Sometimes covering other stuff around your contention only adds to the strength of your case. But it’s essential to have a very clear definition at the beginning, or your whole argument can crumble, because it’s on an unstable base.

4) Be aware of the stakeholders – the stakeholders are the people affected by your argument. Using our previous argument, “cigarettes should be banned”, we can conclude that the stakeholders are the cigarette companies, people who smoke and the government. Structure your argument in a way that appeals to the people who are interested and most concerned about that fact. Be aware of where they stand and to what extent you can push them towards your argument.

5) Think practically – you could have wonderful justifications based on theoretical data. But it’s still easy to break your argument. So it’s always important to see how your reasoning fits the practical world. For example, the argument “cigarettes should be banned”, is not that practical. It will cause a public outcry, a massive unbalance in the economy, and may even lead to the government being changed. But the argument “cigarettes should be banned for less than 18 year olds and people with severe health conditions”, is somewhat reasonable.

6) Ask why – every time you form a statement or a justification, ask yourself why. It will not only strengthen your argument, but will increase your confidence level in the matter being discussed. For example, “judges enforce laws”
Your question – “why do judges enforce laws?”
Answer – “they represent the values of a broader community”
Question – “why do they represent the values of a broader community?”
Answer – “because not everyone can voice their opinions and make them heard”
It goes on like that, till you reach the final answer.

7) you don’t have to be right – this is the simplest yet most valuable tip. It’s ok if you are in the wrong. Sometimes half way through the argument, you realise that you are so totally wrong. But that’s ok. Just don’t let the opponent know that. Analyse your case, and defend it following the previous tips. Once you get over the psychological aspect of it, being wrong only maximises the chances of winning your argument, for you know all the weak spots in what you are defending, and therefore, it’s easier to cover it.

Written by justateenagegirl